Document Detail

Cognitive performance after strenuous physical exercise.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8902021     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Stimulating as well as detrimental effects of exercise on cognitive functioning have been reported. In the present study, 15 endurance-trained athletes (aged 18 to 42 years) performed a bicycle ergometer endurance test at 75% of their maximal work capacity (Wmax). Psychomotor and cognitive tests were administered before and immediately after exercise. These consisted of simple reaction time (RT), 3-choice RT and Stimulus-Response (S-R) incompatible RT tasks, a finger-tapping task, and the Stroop test. Simple RT tasks, but also the more complex S-R in compatible RT, and Color Word Interference in the Stroop test showed an increase in speed of performance after exercise relative to baseline. An enhanced activation was probably responsible for this better performance on psychomotor and cognitive tests. Since performance on the most complex task, the Interference subtest of the Stroop, was especially improved after exercise, the expectancy of the subjects of a potential positive effect of exercise was thought to have been responsible.
E Hogervorst; W Riedel; A Jeukendrup; J Jolles
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perceptual and motor skills     Volume:  83     ISSN:  0031-5125     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Mot Skills     Publication Date:  1996 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-02-27     Completed Date:  1997-02-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401131     Medline TA:  Percept Mot Skills     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  479-88     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Neuropsychology, University of Limburg, Maastricht, The Netherlands. e.hogervorst@NP.RuLimburg.NL
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MeSH Terms
Discrimination Learning
Exercise / psychology*
Exercise Test / psychology
Problem Solving
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time*
Set (Psychology)

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