Document Detail

Cognitive-motivational determinants of fat food consumption in overweight and obese youngsters: the implicit association between fat food and arousal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17964536     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Cognitive-motivational accounts of fat food intake propose an association between fat food and action dispositions, which are according to the biphasic emotion theory of Lang [(1995). The emotion probe. Studies of motivation and attention. American Psychologist, 50, 372-385; Lang, P.J., Bradley, M.M., & Cuthbert, M.M. (1997). Motivated attention: Affect, activation and action. In P.J. Lang, R.F. Simons & M.T. Balaban (Eds.). Attention and orienting: Sensory and motivational processes (pp. 97-134). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.] characterized by high levels of arousal. In two experiments, this association was investigated in lean and overweight youngsters. In the first experiment, 29 overweight and 29 lean youngsters conducted two Implicit Association Tasks (IAT; Greenwald, A.G., McGhee, D.E., & Schwartz, J.L. (1998). Measuring individual differences in implicit cognition: The implicit association test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1464-1480.). In a positive arousal IAT, implicit associations between fat vs. lean food, and high and low arousal words with a positive valence were assessed. In a negative arousal IAT, high and low arousal words with a negative valence were used. A second experiment was conducted to replicate Experiment 1 in 29 youngsters with severe obesity and 29 lean peers. The results revealed strong implicit associations between fat food and arousal in both the overweight and the control group. No differences were found between the groups, nor between the positive and the negative arousal task. These results are related to cognitive-motivational theories of fat food intake.
Mietje Craeynest; Geert Crombez; Ernst H W Koster; Leen Haerens; Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-09-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of behavior therapy and experimental psychiatry     Volume:  39     ISSN:  0005-7916     ISO Abbreviation:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-09     Completed Date:  2008-08-20     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0245075     Medline TA:  J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  354-68     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Experimental Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Henri Dunantlaan 2, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Arousal / physiology*
Cognition / physiology*
Control Groups
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*
Eating / physiology*,  psychology
Inhibition (Psychology)
Obesity / diagnosis*,  psychology
Overweight / diagnosis*,  psychology
Personality Inventory
Psychomotor Performance / physiology
Reaction Time / physiology
Visual Perception / physiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

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