Document Detail


Cognitive lifetime drinking history in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: some cases may be alcohol related.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14687145     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to determine the prevalence of significant alcohol intake in previously diagnosed nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) patients. METHODS: We measured current and total lifetime alcohol intake (TLAI) in biopsy-proven NAFL patients using the cognitive lifetime drinking history (CLDH), a computerized questionnaire. One nurse administered the CLDH without physician presence. Physicians took alcohol histories prior to any knowledge of this study. Advanced and nonadvanced fibrosis patients were tested. A single pathologist (ST) scored all biopsies (inflammation 0-6; fibrosis 0-4). RESULTS: Twenty-three patients (11 men) were studied. Thirteen had bridging fibrosis or cirrhosis. [mean age: 52.3 yr (range 28-69); mean body mass index (BMI): 37 kg/m2 (range 27-48.6)]. All but three had hyperlipidemia, diabetes, and/or hypertension. Mean TLAI was 60.2 kg (range 0.17-471.7), but three patients were above 100 kg (threshold for cirrhosis risk) at 305.5, 336.7, and 471.7. These three had inflammation/fibrosis scores of 3/3, 3/0, and 5/2, respectively. Those with >100 kg tended to have higher serum AST and inflammation score. Prior physician-obtained alcohol history determined <or=20 g/day for all patients and did not mention TLAI in any. CLDH confirmed <or=20 g/day current alcohol intake in 21 of 23 patients, but intakes were 30.2 g/day and 41.2 g/day in two. CONCLUSIONS: Some NAFL patients may have alcohol fatty liver disease instead. Routine physician interviews obtain less accurate alcohol histories compared to CLDH. The clinical significance of past alcohol intake and methods of measuring alcohol ingestion in fatty liver patients deserves further investigation.
Authors:
Paul H Hayashi; Stephen A Harrison; Sigurd Torgerson; Tammy A Perez; Thomas Nochajski; Marcia Russell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of gastroenterology     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0002-9270     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Gastroenterol.     Publication Date:  2004 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-12-22     Completed Date:  2004-02-05     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0421030     Medline TA:  Am J Gastroenterol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  76-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Wilford Hall Medical Center, Gastroenterology and Pathology Departments, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Alcohol Drinking* / adverse effects
Fatty Liver / diagnosis,  pathology*
Fatty Liver, Alcoholic / diagnosis,  pathology
Female
Humans
Liver / pathology
Male
Medical History Taking
Middle Aged

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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