Document Detail

Cognitive function during acute exercise: a test of the transient hypofrontality theory.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20587820     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The purpose of this study was to test the transient hypofrontality theory (Dietrich, 2003) by examining the influence of exercise intensity on executive control processes during and following submaximal exercise. Thirty participants (13 female) exercised for 30 min at ventilatory threshold (VT) or at 75% of VT. The Contingent Continuous Performance Task (CPT) and Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) were used as measures of executive control. They were administered before, during, immediately following, and 20 min after exercise. An increase in false alarms and unique errors (p < or = .05) occurred during both conditions. False alarms for the CPT and total and perseverative errors for the WCST remained elevated immediately following exercise at VT, but not at exercise below VT (p < or = .01). The decreased executive control function during exercise can be explained by the transient hypofrontality theory. Following VT, executive control performance remained poor possibly owing to an additional amount of time the brain needs to return to homeostasis following intense exercise.
Jacqueline M Del Giorno; Eric E Hall; Kevin C O'Leary; Walter R Bixby; Paul C Miller
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport & exercise psychology     Volume:  32     ISSN:  0895-2779     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-30     Completed Date:  2010-08-26     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809258     Medline TA:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  312-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Exercise Science, Elon University, Elon, NC, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anaerobic Threshold / physiology
Arousal / physiology
Carbon Dioxide / blood
Cognition / physiology*
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise / physiology*
Frontal Lobe / physiology*
Neuropsychological Tests*
Oxygen / blood
Young Adult
Reg. No./Substance:
124-38-9/Carbon Dioxide; 7782-44-7/Oxygen

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