Document Detail


Cognitive enhancing effects of modafinil in healthy volunteers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12417966     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
RATIONALE: Modafinil, a novel wake-promoting agent, has been shown to have a similar clinical profile to that of conventional stimulants such as methylphenidate. We were therefore interested in assessing whether modafinil, with its unique pharmacological mode of action, might offer similar potential as a cognitive enhancer, without the side effects commonly experienced with amphetamine-like drugs. OBJECTIVES: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the cognitive enhancing potential of this novel agent using a comprehensive battery of neuropsychological tests. METHODS: Sixty healthy young adult male volunteers received either a single oral dose of placebo, or 100 mg or 200 mg modafinil prior to performing a variety of tasks designed to test memory and attention. A randomised double-blind, between-subjects design was used. RESULTS: Modafinil significantly enhanced performance on tests of digit span, visual pattern recognition memory, spatial planning and stop-signal reaction time. These performance improvements were complemented by a slowing in latency on three tests: delayed matching to sample, a decision-making task and the spatial planning task. Subjects reported feeling more alert, attentive and energetic on drug. The effects were not clearly dose dependent, except for those seen with the stop-signal paradigm. In contrast to previous findings with methylphenidate, there were no significant effects of drug on spatial memory span, spatial working memory, rapid visual information processing or attentional set-shifting. Additionally, no effects on paired associates learning were identified. CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that modafinil selectively improves neuropsychological task performance. This improvement may be attributable to an enhanced ability to inhibit pre-potent responses. This effect appears to reduce impulsive responding, suggesting that modafinil may be of benefit in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
Authors:
Danielle C Turner; Trevor W Robbins; Luke Clark; Adam R Aron; Jonathan Dowson; Barbara J Sahakian
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Comparative Study; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2002-11-01
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychopharmacology     Volume:  165     ISSN:  0033-3158     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychopharmacology (Berl.)     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-23     Completed Date:  2003-05-07     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7608025     Medline TA:  Psychopharmacology (Berl)     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cambridge, School of Clinical Medicine, Addenbrooke's Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 2QQ, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Benzhydryl Compounds / pharmacology*
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cognition / drug effects*
Decision Making / drug effects
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Double-Blind Method
Heart Rate / drug effects
Humans
Male
Memory / drug effects
Neuroprotective Agents / pharmacology*
Pain Measurement
Pattern Recognition, Visual / drug effects
Psychological Tests
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Benzhydryl Compounds; 0/Neuroprotective Agents; 68693-11-8/modafinil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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