Document Detail


Cognitive behavioral therapy for schizophrenia: an empirical review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034571     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Early case studies and noncontrolled trial studies focusing on the treatment of delusions and hallucinations have laid the foundation for more recent developments in comprehensive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) interventions for schizophrenia. Seven randomized, controlled trial studies testing the efficacy of CBT for schizophrenia were identified by electronic search (MEDLINE and PsychInfo) and by personal correspondence. After a review of these studies, effect size (ES) estimates were computed to determine the statistical magnitude of clinical change in CBT and control treatment conditions. CBT has been shown to produce large clinical effects on measures of positive and negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Patients receiving routine care and adjunctive CBT have experienced additional benefits above and beyond the gains achieved with routine care and adjunctive supportive therapy. These results reveal promise for the role of CBT in the treatment of schizophrenia although additional research is required to test its efficacy, long-term durability, and impact on relapse rates and quality of life. Clinical refinements are needed also to help those who show only minimal benefit with the intervention.
Authors:
Neil A Rector; Aaron T Beck
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nervous and mental disease     Volume:  200     ISSN:  1539-736X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nerv. Ment. Dis.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-04     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375402     Medline TA:  J Nerv Ment Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  832-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
1Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Clarke Institute of Psychiatry and Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; and 2Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 754 Science Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Trinuclear Mn(ii) complex with paramagnetic bridging 1,2,3-dithiazolyl ligands.
Next Document:  Religion, spirituality, and mental health: current controversies and future directions.