Document Detail


Cognitive behavioral stress management effects on injury and illness among competitive athletes: a randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12581938     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Cognitive behavioral stress management (CBSM) has previously been found to reduce fatigue, depression, and cortisol response to heavy exercise training among competitive collegiate athletes and to speed physical and psychological recovery from surgery. Our study assessed the efficacy of a CBSM program to reduce the frequency of injury and illness among collegiate athletes in a randomized, single-blind, controlled clinical trial. Following assessment of baseline medical history, mood state, stress, cortisol, sleep, alcohol use, and exercise training, collegiate rowers were stratified by gender and competitive level and randomly assigned to either a control group or a CBSM group. Exercise training information and psychosocial assessments were repeated immediately following the intervention period, and health care providers who were blinded to participant assignment recorded the frequency of medical visits and the number of days injured or ill until the end of the season. Athletes randomly assigned to a CBSM group experienced significant reductions in the number of illness and injury days as compared to control group athletes. CBSM participants also had half the number of health service visits as did controls. The data suggest that a time-limited CBSM intervention designed specifically for an athlete population may be an effective prophylactic treatment to reduce the incidence of injury and illness among competitive collegiate athletes.
Authors:
Frank M Perna; Michael H Antoni; Andrew Baum; Paul Gordon; Neil Schneiderman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0883-6612     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann Behav Med     Publication Date:  2003  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-02-14     Completed Date:  2003-05-06     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510246     Medline TA:  Ann Behav Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  66-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Psychiatry, Boston University School of Medicine, MA 02118, USA. fperna@bu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Affect
Alcohol Drinking
Athletic Injuries / prevention & control*
Cognitive Therapy*
Female
Health Status
Humans
Hydrocortisone / blood
Male
Single-Blind Method
Sleep
Sports / psychology*
Stress, Psychological / prevention & control*
Treatment Outcome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
50-23-7/Hydrocortisone

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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