Document Detail


Cognitive abilities of street children: Low-SES Bolivian boys with and without experience of living in the street.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objectives: This study compared results on cognitive tests measuring nonverbal visualization and reasoning, executive functions, and creativity between 36 boys with experience of living in the street and 31 housed yet socioeconomically equivalent boys, in Bolivia. Results: The street children scored significantly higher on the creativity measure, which is discussed in relation to contextual relevance. No significant differences were found on the other cognitive tests. Time elapsed after living in the street and drug use were strongly associated with cognition, while age was not. Both groups scored below average compared to Western norms. The results are discussed in terms of the cultural relevance of the tests and the impact of socioeconomic status, stress, and stimulation on cognition.
Authors:
Sofie Dahlman; Per Bäckström; Gunilla Bohlin; Orjan Frans
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child neuropsychology : a journal on normal and abnormal development in childhood and adolescence     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1744-4136     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9512515     Medline TA:  Child Neuropsychol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
a Department of Psychology , Uppsala University , Uppsala , Sweden.
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