Document Detail


Cognitive vulnerabilities as predictors of stress generation in early adolescence: pathway to depressive symptoms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23624770     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Although individuals with depression have been found to experience a higher rate of stress in their lives, it remains unclear to what extent other personal characteristics may contribute to stress generation. The current study extended past research by examining the effects of two theoretically and empirically supported cognitive vulnerabilities to depression (negative cognitive style and rumination) as predictors of dependent interpersonal and achievement events, independent events, and relational peer victimization. In a diverse sample of 301 early adolescents (56 % female; M(age) = 12.82 years), we found that negative cognitive style prospectively predicted the experience of dependent interpersonal stress and relational victimization, and that rumination did not predict stress in any of the domains. Furthermore, the occurrence of intervening stress mediated the associations between negative cognitive style and subsequent depressive symptoms. Additionally, whereas negative cognitive style predicted relational victimization among both boys and girls, girls were particularly vulnerable to developing depressive symptoms following the occurrence of relational victimization. Thus, a negative cognitive style may contribute to the occurrence of stressful events, which in turn increases depressive symptoms. Girls may be particularly reactive to relational victimization, representing one pathway through which sex differences in depression may emerge.
Authors:
Jessica L Hamilton; Jonathan P Stange; Benjamin G Shapero; Samantha L Connolly; Lyn Y Abramson; Lauren B Alloy
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of abnormal child psychology     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1573-2835     ISO Abbreviation:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-08-28     Completed Date:  2013-12-13     Revised Date:  2014-04-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364547     Medline TA:  J Abnorm Child Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1027-39     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adolescent Psychology
Child
Cognition*
Depression / psychology*
Female
Humans
Interpersonal Relations*
Life Change Events
Male
Peer Group
Philadelphia
Prospective Studies
Sex Factors
Stress, Psychological / etiology,  psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
F31 MH099761/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; F31 MH099764/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; F31MH099761/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; F31MH099764/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; MH79369/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH079369/MH/NIMH NIH HHS; R01 MH101168/MH/NIMH NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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