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Cognitive Dysfunction in Stroke Survivors: A Community-Based Prospective Study from Kolkata, India.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22721821     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The frequency of cognitive dysfunction among community stroke survivors (SS) is not known in India. This prospective study investigated the prevalence of poststroke mild cognitive impairment (psMCI) and poststroke dementia (psDem), the annual progression rate to dementia, and pertinent risk factors in a sample population of SS in Kolkata, India between September 2006 and July 2010. From a community-based stroke registry, 281 SS were assessed at baseline year after excluding attrition due to various causes. Validated cognitive tools were applied by trained field workers under supervision of a neuropsychologist. The assessment was repeated annually for consecutive three years. The mean follow-up period was 1.89 years (range, 1-3 years). The period prevalence rate of psDem was 13.88% (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.91%-18.90%) at baseline, and the average annual progression rate to dementia was 3.53% (95% CI, 2.09%-5.58%). Compared with subjects without dementia, those with psDem were significantly older at first-ever stroke and more likely to have cortical atrophy. The period prevalence rate of psMCI was 6.05% (95% CI, 1.45%-13.64%) at baseline, and 10.6% (95% CI, 4.57%-20.88%) of these subjects converted to psDem annually. Survival analysis of psDem patients showed a greater risk of death in psDem SS as compared to nondemented SS (hazard ratio, 2.65; 95% CI, 1.72-6.15). Our data suggest that the overall prevalence of psDem is higher than that of psMCI, possibly related to nonexclusion of prestroke dementia, but that the average annual progression rate of SS to psDem and that of psMCI to psDem are comparable. Older age at first-ever stroke and cortical atrophy are associated with increased risk for dementia among SS.
Authors:
Sujata Das; Neelanjana Paul; Avijit Hazra; Malay Ghosal; Biman Kanti Ray; Tapas Kumar Banerjee; Prabir Burman; Shyamal Kumar Das
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of stroke and cerebrovascular diseases : the official journal of National Stroke Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8511     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9111633     Medline TA:  J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, Bangur Institute of Neuroscience, Kolkata, India.
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