Document Detail


Cognition, emotion, and the alcohol--aggression relationship: comment on Giancola (2000).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11127433     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
P. R. Giancola's (2000) thesis that the alcohol-aggression relationship can be explained by alcohol-induced disruption of executive cognitive functions mediated by the prefrontal cortex is critically examined. At moderate doses, alcohol has been reported to increase aggression in animals as diverse as fish, rats, cats, monkeys, and humans. Although alcohol depresses prefrontal cortex activity and disrupts executive cognitive performance in humans, alcohol's anxiolytic actions, and its disinhibiting effects on subcortical structures implicated in anger and aggression, may be at least as important as the higher cognitive functions cited by Giancola in accounting for the alcohol-aggression relationship. Other drugs that alter prefrontal cortex activity have also been reported to influence aggressive responding in humans and other animals, and implications of this are briefly discussed.
Authors:
M Lyvers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comment; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Experimental and clinical psychopharmacology     Volume:  8     ISSN:  1064-1297     ISO Abbreviation:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Publication Date:  2000 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-12-20     Completed Date:  2001-02-08     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9419066     Medline TA:  Exp Clin Psychopharmacol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  607-8; discussion 612-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia. mike_lyvers@bond.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aggression* / drug effects,  physiology
Alcohol-Related Disorders / psychology*
Cognition* / drug effects
Emotions* / drug effects
Ethanol / pharmacology
Humans
Models, Psychological
Research Design
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
64-17-5/Ethanol
Comments/Corrections
Comment On:
Exp Clin Psychopharmacol. 2000 Nov;8(4):576-97   [PMID:  11127429 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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