Document Detail


Coffee and alcohol intake as predictors of smoking cessation and tobacco withdrawal.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8312736     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In one study of 105 smokers who received physician advice plus placebo gum and in another study of 630 self-quitters, neither the presence or absence, nor amount of precessation alcohol, nor coffee intake, nor changes in alcohol or coffee intake postcessation, predicted relapse or most withdrawal symptoms. The one possible exception was that heavy caffeine and alcohol users reported a greater increase in hunger and craving postcessation; however, these effects were not consistent across measures, follow-ups, and studies. Our results are inconsistent with theories that caffeine intoxication from increased caffeine blood levels postsmoking cessation worsen tobacco withdrawal or that alcohol or caffeine use during initial abstinence from smoking increases relapse to smoking.
Authors:
J R Hughes; A H Oliveto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of substance abuse     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0899-3289     ISO Abbreviation:  J Subst Abuse     Publication Date:  1993  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-03-23     Completed Date:  1994-03-23     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001404     Medline TA:  J Subst Abuse     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  305-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychiatry, University of Vermont, Burlington 05401-1419.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*,  psychology
Chewing Gum
Coffee / adverse effects*
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neurologic Examination / drug effects
Nicotine / administration & dosage
Smoking / adverse effects*
Smoking Cessation / psychology*
Substance Withdrawal Syndrome / psychology*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
DA-04066/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; DA-04843/DA/NIDA NIH HHS; HL-39220/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Chewing Gum; 0/Coffee; 54-11-5/Nicotine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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