Document Detail


Coding of spectral fine structure in the auditory nerve. II: Level-dependent nonlinear responses.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2283439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Phase-locked discharge patterns of single cat auditory-nerve fibers were analyzed in response to complex tones centered at fiber characteristic frequency (CF). Signals were octave-bandwidth harmonic complexes defined by a center frequency F and an intercomponent spacing factor N, such that F/N was the fundamental frequency. Parameters that were manipulated included the phase spectrum, the number of components, and the intensity of the center component. Analyses employed Fourier transforms of period histograms to assess the degree to which responses were synchronized to the frequencies present in the acoustic stimulus. Several nonlinearities were observed in the response as intensity was varied between threshold and 80-90 dB SPL. Response nonlinearities were strong for all signals except those with random phase spectra. The most commonly observed nonlinearity was an emphasis of one or more stimulus components in the response. The degree of nonlinearity usually increased with intensity and signal complexity and decreased with fiber frequency selectivity. Half-wave rectification introduced synchronization to the missing fundamental. The strength of the response at the fundamental was related to stimulus crest factor. Signals with low center frequencies and high crest factors often elicited instantaneous discharge rates at the theoretical maximum of pi CF. This suggests that the probability of spike generation approaches one during high-amplitude waveform segments. Response nonlinearity was interpreted as arising from three sources, namely, cochlear mechanics, compression of instantaneous discharge rate, and saturation of average discharge rate. At near-threshold intensities, fibers with high spontaneous rates exhibited responses that were linear functions of stimulus waveshape, whereas fibers with low spontaneous spike rates produced responses that were best described in terms of an expansive nonlinearity.
Authors:
J W Horst; E Javel; G R Farley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America     Volume:  88     ISSN:  0001-4966     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Acoust. Soc. Am.     Publication Date:  1990 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-18     Completed Date:  1991-03-18     Revised Date:  2006-12-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503051     Medline TA:  J Acoust Soc Am     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2656-81     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Institute of Audiology, University Hospital Groningen, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Attention / physiology*
Cats
Cochlea / physiology
Evoked Potentials, Auditory / physiology*
Fourier Analysis
Loudness Perception / physiology
Nerve Fibers / physiology
Pitch Discrimination / physiology*
Psychoacoustics
Vestibulocochlear Nerve / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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