Document Detail

Code status discussion skill retention in internal medicine residents: one-year follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23045991     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Communicating with patients about goals of care is an important skill for internal medicine residents. However, many trainees are not competent to perform a code status discussion (CSD). A multimodality intervention improved skills in a group of first-year residents in 2011. How long these acquired CSD skills are retained is unknown.
OBJECTIVE: To study CSD skill retention one year after a multimodality intervention.
DESIGN: This was a longitudinal cohort study.
SETTING/SUBJECTS: Thirty-eight second-year internal medicine residents in a university-affiliated internal medicine residency program participated in the study. Nineteen completed the intervention and 19 served as controls.
MEASUREMENTS: Mean CSD clinical skills examination (CSE) scores using an 18-item checklist were compared after the intervention (2011) and one year later (2012).
RESULTS: Intervention group residents performed significantly better than residents in the control group (71.9% (standard deviation [SD]=16.0%) versus 54.7% (SD=17.1%; p<0.001) at one-year follow-up. Intervention group residents retained their CSD skills at one year as performance was 75.1% in 2011 and 71.9% in 2012 (p=0.46). Control group residents did not develop additional CSD skills as 2011 checklist performance was 53.2% and 2012 performance was 54.7% (p=0.78).
CONCLUSIONS: CSD skills taught in a rigorous curriculum are retained at one-year follow-up. Residents in the control group did not acquire new CSD skills despite an additional year of training and clinical experience. Further study is needed to link improved CSD skills to better patient care quality.
Diane B Wayne; Farzad Moazed; Elaine R Cohen; Rashmi K Sharma; William C McGaghie; Eytan Szmuilowicz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-10-09
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of palliative medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1557-7740     ISO Abbreviation:  J Palliat Med     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-04     Completed Date:  2013-05-15     Revised Date:  2013-12-04    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808462     Medline TA:  J Palliat Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1325-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Follow-Up Studies
Internal Medicine*
Internship and Residency*
Longitudinal Studies
Medical Staff, Hospital*
Patient Participation
Physician-Patient Relations
Professional Competence*
Terminal Care*
Terminally Ill
Grant Support

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