Document Detail


Cochlear neuronal populations in developmental defects of the inner ear. Implications for cochlear implantation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3156467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A histological study was made to determine the cochlear neuronal populations of 20 human ears having hearing loss caused by developmental defects. The neuronal populations ranged from 7677 in an ear with Mondini dysplasia to 30 753 in an ear with DiGeorge's syndrome, the norm for young human subjects being 35 000 neurons. The length of the cochlear (spiral) ganglion varied from 7.3 mm to 14.8 mm, the norm for human subjects being 12 mm. The sensorineural hearing losses in all cases were attributable to malformation or degeneration of the sensorineural structures. The hearing loss was moderate in one case of Alport's syndrome, severe in one case of Usher's syndrome and in one case of severe Mondini dysplasia; it was profound in one case of maternal rubella, one of congenital deafness of unknown cause, another case of severe Mondini dysplasia and one of Down's syndrome (Trisomy 21). One case of mild Mondini dysplasia and one of DiGeorge's syndrome were known to have normal hearing. In 4 other cases hearing status was absent.
Authors:
J M Schmidt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta oto-laryngologica     Volume:  99     ISSN:  0001-6489     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Otolaryngol.     Publication Date:    1985 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-04-02     Completed Date:  1985-04-02     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370354     Medline TA:  Acta Otolaryngol     Country:  SWEDEN    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Cell Count
Child, Preschool
Cochlea / abnormalities,  cytology*
Cochlear Implants*
Deafness / congenital*,  pathology
DiGeorge Syndrome / pathology
Down Syndrome / pathology
Female
Hair Cells, Auditory / cytology
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Klippel-Feil Syndrome / pathology
Male
Middle Aged
Nephritis, Hereditary / pathology
Neurons / cytology
Organ of Corti / abnormalities
Retinitis Pigmentosa / pathology
Rubella / congenital
Spiral Ganglion / cytology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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