Document Detail


Cochlear implant patients' speech understanding in background noise: effect of mismatch between electrode assigned frequencies and perceived pitch.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20202276     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the electrode pitch function in a series of adults with postlingually implanted cochlear implants and with contralateral residual hearing, in order to investigate the correlation between the degree of frequency map mismatch and the subjects' speech understanding in quiet and noisy conditions.
DESIGN: Case series.
SUBJECTS: Seven postlingually deafened adults with cochlear implants, all with detectable contralateral residual hearing. Subjects' electrode pitch function was assessed by means of a pitch-matching test, in which they were asked to match an acoustic pitch (pure tones delivered to the non-implanted ear by an audiometer) to a perceived 'pitch' elicited by stimulation of the cochlear implant electrodes. A mismatch score was calculated for each subject. Speech recognition was tested using lists of sentences presented in quiet conditions and at +10, 0 and 5 dB HL signal-to-noise ratio levels (i.e. noise 10 dB HL lower than signal, noise as loud as signal and noise 5 dB HL higher than signal, respectively). Correlations were assessed using a linear regression model, with significance set at p < 0.05.
RESULTS: All patients presented some degree of mismatch between the acoustic frequencies assigned to their implant electrodes and the pitch elicited by stimulation of the same electrode, with high between-individual variability. A significant correlation (p < 0.005) was found between mismatch and speech recognition scores at +10 and 0 dB HL signal-to-noise ratio levels (r2 = 0.91 and 0.89, respectively).
CONCLUSION: The mismatch between frequencies allocated to electrodes and the pitch perceived on stimulation of the same electrodes could partially account for our subjects' difficulties with speech understanding in noisy conditions. We suggest that these subjects could benefit from mismatch correction, through a procedure allowing individualised reallocation of frequency bands to electrodes.
Authors:
W Di Nardo; A Scorpecci; S Giannantonio; F Cianfrone; C Parrilla; G Paludetti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-03-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of laryngology and otology     Volume:  124     ISSN:  1748-5460     ISO Abbreviation:  J Laryngol Otol     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706896     Medline TA:  J Laryngol Otol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  828-34     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy.
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