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Cocaine sensitization models an anhedonia-like condition in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20519061     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Anhedonia is a core symptom of depression that also characterizes substance abuse-related mood disorders, in particular those secondary to stimulant abuse. This study investigated the long-lasting condition of cocaine sensitization as an inducing condition for anhedonia in rats. Cortical-mesolimbic dopamine plays a central role in assessing the incentive value of a stimulus and an increased dopamine output in these areas after a novel palatable meal seems to correlate with the ability to acquire an instrumental behaviour aimed at earning it again. This dopaminergic response is associated with consistent modifications in the phosphorylation pattern of some cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) substrates and it is mediated by dopamine D1 receptor stimulation. Thus, since behavioural cocaine sensitization is characterized by tonically increased levels of phospho-Thr75 DARPP-32 that is a potent PKA inhibitor, we hypothesized that cocaine-sensitized rats might reveal deficits in palatable food responding. Indeed, non-food-deprived cocaine-sensitized rats showed no interest in palatable food, no dopaminergic response after a palatable meal in terms of increased dopamine output and DARPP-32 phosphorylation changes, and no ability to acquire a palatable food-sustained instrumental behaviour. Repeated administration of an established antidepressant compound, imipramine, corrected these deficits and reinstated the dopaminergic response in the cortico-mesolimbic areas to control values. Thus, the behavioural modifications observed in cocaine-sensitized rats satisfy some requirements for an experimental model of anhedonia since they are induced by repeated cocaine administration (aetiological validity), they mimic an anhedonia-like symptom (construct validity), and are reversed by the administration of imipramine (predictive validity).
Authors:
Simona Scheggi; Giovanna Marchese; Silvia Grappi; Maria Elena Secci; Maria Graziella De Montis; Carla Gambarana
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-06-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of neuropsychopharmacology / official scientific journal of the Collegium Internationale Neuropsychopharmacologicum (CINP)     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1469-5111     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Neuropsychopharmacol.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815893     Medline TA:  Int J Neuropsychopharmacol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  333-46     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Neuroscience, Pharmacology Unit, University of Siena, Siena, Italy.
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