Document Detail

Cocaine and homicide in Memphis and Shelby county: an epidemic of violence.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3193079     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In Memphis and the surrounding county, there were a record number of homicides (179) in 1986. During the same year, there was a marked increase in medical examiner cases where tests were positive for cocaine or its metabolites. Review of medical examiner and toxicology records from 1980 to 1986 found 87 cocaine related deaths; 46 of these were homicides. In 1986 alone, there were 53 cocaine related deaths, all manners, and 31 cocaine related homicides. In this year, 17.3% of the homicides were positive for cocaine or metabolite. The cocaine related homicides were similar to other homicides in terms of age, race, sex, blood ethanol concentration, and cause of death being due most often to firearms. In homicide cases in which an abuse drug was detected, cocaine accounted for the entire increase in 1986. Police records indicated that cocaine directly contributed to the homicide in 39% of the cases in which the drug was found. In other cases, we speculate that cocaine altered behavior may have contributed to the victim's being murdered either during the drug "high" or during the posteuphoric depression or withdrawal phase.
R C Harruff; J T Francisco; S K Elkins; A M Phillips; G S Fernandez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of forensic sciences     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0022-1198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Forensic Sci.     Publication Date:  1988 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-12-29     Completed Date:  1988-12-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0375370     Medline TA:  J Forensic Sci     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1231-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pathology, University of Tennessee, Memphis.
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MeSH Terms
Cocaine* / analysis
Middle Aged
Street Drugs / analysis
Substance-Related Disorders / mortality*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Street Drugs; 50-36-2/Cocaine

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