Document Detail


Coca-paste smoking in some Latin American countries: a severe and unabated form of addiction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6569819     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Coca paste is an intermediary product in the chemical extraction of cocaine from coca leaves. Abusers smoke coca paste in a dried form, which contains from 40 to 91 per cent cocaine. Over the past 10 years, this pattern of drug abuse has attained epidemic proportions in some Latin American countries, particularly in Bolivia, Colombia and Peru. Addiction to coca paste develops in a few months and has serious health, social and economic consequences. The problem is particularly acute in Latin American countries because of the high doses of coca paste involved. The smoking of coca paste causes four distinct successive phases of mental disorder: euphoria, dysphoria, hallucinosis and paranoid psychosis. It can produce severe intoxication, prolonged or relapsing psychosis and, in some cases, death. Cocaine has been found in the blood of coca-leaf chewers, coca-paste smokers and users of cocaine hydrochloride. Excessive coca-paste smoking is often resistant to therapeutic interventions and there is a high rate of relapse after treatment and rehabilitation.
Authors:
F R Jeri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Bulletin on narcotics     Volume:  36     ISSN:  0007-523X     ISO Abbreviation:  Bull Narc     Publication Date:    1984 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-03-18     Completed Date:  1985-03-18     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2984719R     Medline TA:  Bull Narc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  15-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Bolivia
Child
Coca* / analysis
Cocaine / administration & dosage,  adverse effects*
Colombia
Ecuador
Female
Health
Humans
Male
Mental Disorders / chemically induced
Middle Aged
Ointments
Peru
Plants, Medicinal*
Social Problems
Street Drugs / administration & dosage,  adverse effects
Substance-Related Disorders / economics,  epidemiology*,  therapy
Syndrome
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ointments; 0/Street Drugs; 50-36-2/Cocaine

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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