Document Detail


Co-treatment of converter slag and pyrrhotite tailings via high pressure oxidative leaching.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21893384     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
High pressure oxidative acid leaching (HPOXAL) was successfully applied to slow-cooled converter slags from Vale's operations in Sudbury (Ontario, Canada). Extractions of Ni, Co and Cu exceeded 90% within 15-20min and levelled at 95-97% after 45min at 250°C, 90psi O(2) overpressure and 70g/L initial H(2)SO(4). Pyrrhotite tailings with ∼0.6% Ni content were also tested as a source of sulphuric acid in high pressure oxidation. Co-leaching of pyrrhotite tailings with converter slags at the same temperature, oxygen partial pressure and equivalent stoichiometric H(2)SO(4) was found to have kinetics similar to that of leaching with sulphuric acid. Lowering the addition of pyrrhotite tailings (and hence, the acidity) was found to have a detrimental effect on the kinetics of leaching and final extractions (especially at 250°C), and cause precipitation of metal sulphates. Continuous on-line acidity measurements were facilitated in experiments with an electrodeless conductivity sensor. It was shown that acid plays a major role in the conversion of fayalite to hematite and silica, and the dissolution of the base metals, while oxygen overpressure (or dispersion efficiency) determines the rate of acid generation and re-generation.
Authors:
Ilya Perederiy; Vladimiros G Papangelakis; Mohamed Buarzaiga; Indje Mihaylov
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of hazardous materials     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-3336     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-6     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9422688     Medline TA:  J Hazard Mater     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Affiliation:
Department of Chemical Engineering and Applied Chemistry, University of Toronto, 200 College Street, Toronto, ON, Canada M5S 3E5.
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