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Co-presentation of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis and adult-onset infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23278610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background  Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 (IDH), and various other clinical conditions. Several of these diseases can occur in association. Objective  Report an association of diseases related to HTLV-1 infection, occurring in an unusual age group. Methods  Dermatological and laboratory exams were consecutively performed in HTLV-1-infected individuals from January 2008 to July 2010 in the HTLV Outpatient Clinic at the Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas" in São Paulo, Brazil. Results  A total of 193 individuals (73 HAM/TSP and 120 asymptomatic carriers) were evaluated, three of which were associated with adult-onset IDH and HAM/TSP. In all three cases, the patients were affected by IDH after the development and progression of HAM/TSP-associated symptoms. Limitations  Small number of cases because of the rarity of these diseases. Conclusion  We draw attention to the possibility of co-presentation of adult-onset IDH in patients with a previous diagnosis of HAM/TSP, although IDH is a disease classically described in children. Thus, dermatologists should be aware of these diagnoses in areas endemic for HTLV-1 infection.
Authors:
Renata Okajima; Jorge Casseb; José A Sanches
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of dermatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1365-4632     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243704     Medline TA:  Int J Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The International Society of Dermatology.
Affiliation:
HTLV Outpatient Clinic, Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas" Department of Dermatology, University of São Paulo Medical School Institute of Tropical Medicine of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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