Document Detail

Co-presentation of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis and adult-onset infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 infection.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23278610     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Background  Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is the etiologic agent of adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL), HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP), infective dermatitis associated with HTLV-1 (IDH), and various other clinical conditions. Several of these diseases can occur in association. Objective  Report an association of diseases related to HTLV-1 infection, occurring in an unusual age group. Methods  Dermatological and laboratory exams were consecutively performed in HTLV-1-infected individuals from January 2008 to July 2010 in the HTLV Outpatient Clinic at the Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas" in São Paulo, Brazil. Results  A total of 193 individuals (73 HAM/TSP and 120 asymptomatic carriers) were evaluated, three of which were associated with adult-onset IDH and HAM/TSP. In all three cases, the patients were affected by IDH after the development and progression of HAM/TSP-associated symptoms. Limitations  Small number of cases because of the rarity of these diseases. Conclusion  We draw attention to the possibility of co-presentation of adult-onset IDH in patients with a previous diagnosis of HAM/TSP, although IDH is a disease classically described in children. Thus, dermatologists should be aware of these diagnoses in areas endemic for HTLV-1 infection.
Renata Okajima; Jorge Casseb; José A Sanches
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of dermatology     Volume:  52     ISSN:  1365-4632     ISO Abbreviation:  Int. J. Dermatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0243704     Medline TA:  Int J Dermatol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  63-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The International Society of Dermatology.
HTLV Outpatient Clinic, Institute of Infectious Diseases "Emilio Ribas" Department of Dermatology, University of São Paulo Medical School Institute of Tropical Medicine of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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