Document Detail

Co-amendment with halogenated compounds enhances anaerobic microbial dechlorination of 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-P-dioxin and 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzofuran in estuarine sediments.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16398113     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Halogenated coamendments enhanced dechlorination of 31 microM of spiked 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TeCDD) and 49 microM of spiked 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzofuran (TeCDF) in sediments from San Diego Bay (CA, USA) and Tuckerton (NJ, USA). Dechlorination of 1,2,3,4-TeCDD occurred to a greater extent under methanogenic than under sulfate-reducing conditions. The most effective stimulation of 1,2,3,4-TeCDD dechlorination occurred with coamendment of 25 microM of 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene (TeCB), 2,3,4,5-tetrachloroanisole (TeCA), 2,3,4,5-tetrachlorophenol, or 2',3',4'-trichloroacetophenone plus 500 microM lactate and 500 microM propionate as electron donors. The 1,2,3,4-TeCDD dechlorination was evident after three months and sequentially produced mainly 1,2,4-trichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, 1,3-dichlorodibenzo-p-dioxin, and 2-monochlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (MCDD). Monobromophenols (2-bromo-, 3-bromo-, and 4-bromophenol), monochlorophenols (2-chloro-, 3-chloro-, and 4-chlorophenol), 2,3,5,6-tetrachlorobenzoate, or electron donors alone stimulated less 1,2,3,4-TeCDD dechlorination, with activity apparent only after six months. The 1,2,3,4-TeCDD dechlorination produced 50 mol % 2-MCDD after six months in sediments from the more contaminated Graving Dock and Paleta Creek sites in San Diego Bay. The 1,2,3,4-TeCDD dechlorination by sediments from the less contaminated Shelter Island site in San Diego Bay and in pristine Tuckerton sediments did not produce 2-MCDD. Dechlorination of 1,2,3,4-TeCDF to tri- and dichlorinated daughter products was significantly enhanced by TeCB and TeCA. These results suggest that halogenated aromatic compounds with structural similarity to 1,2,3,4-TeCDD/F stimulate bacteria with the ability to dechlorinate chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin and furans.
Young-Beom Ahn; Max M Häggblom; Donna E Fennell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental toxicology and chemistry / SETAC     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0730-7268     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Toxicol. Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-01-09     Completed Date:  2006-03-02     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8308958     Medline TA:  Environ Toxicol Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2775-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology and Biotechnology Center for Agriculture and the Environment, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick, New Jersey 08901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Bacteria, Anaerobic / drug effects*,  metabolism*
Benzofurans / chemistry,  metabolism*
Chlorine / metabolism*
Geologic Sediments / chemistry*
Halogens / chemistry,  pharmacology*
Methane / metabolism
Molecular Structure
Rivers / microbiology
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / analogs & derivatives*,  chemistry,  metabolism
Time Factors
United States
Reg. No./Substance:
0/1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzofuran; 0/Benzofurans; 0/Halogens; 1746-01-6/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin; 30746-58-8/1,2,3,4-tetrachlorodibenzodioxin; 74-82-8/Methane; 7782-50-5/Chlorine

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