Document Detail

Clustering of risk factors in the smoking habits of schoolchildren in Sousse, Tunisia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23893674     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Background: In Tunisia, little is known about the association between tobacco use and other chronic disease risk factors. This is the case for both adults and children. It is important to know the characteristics of young smokers to facilitate the creation and implementation of future programs for tobacco prevention. Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the association between tobacco use and other lifestyle factors among schoolchildren in Tunisia. Methods: We conducted a 2009/2010 cross-sectional questionnaire survey of 4003 randomly selected school children aged 13 years old (7th and 9th grades) to evaluate their knowledge, attitudes towards, and beliefs about the three risk factors for chronic disease (unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and tobacco use). Written informed consent was obtained from each child's parents who allowed their child to participate. Results: The mean age of our sample was 13.36±1.28 years. The proportions of daily smokers were 2.2% and 0.1% among boys and girls, respectively. The proportions of irregular smokers were 9.1% and 1.5% among boys and girls, respectively. In our population, 19.1% (n=767) had ever experimented to smoke, with 29.8% among boys and 9% among girls (p<0.001). The proportions of schoolchildren who reported daily participation in physical activity were different between smokers and nonsmokers with 17.7% and 11.5%, respectively (p=0.03). Concerning eating habits, there was no significant difference in the consumption of fruits and vegetables; however, smokers frequently ate more high fat foods and in fast food restaurants. Similar results were found while comparing regular smoking children with those who experimented but who never became hooked on smoking. Conclusion: This study and previous research suggest the importance of early intervention in adolescents on smoking and combing these efforts with interventions focusing on physical activity and dietary habits.
Asma Nouira; Jihen Maatoug; Imed Harrabi; Sonia Hmad; Mmyléne Belkacem; Slim Slama; Mustafa Al'absi; Harry Lando; Hassen Ghannem
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of adolescent medicine and health     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0334-0139     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-7-29     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8506960     Medline TA:  Int J Adolesc Med Health     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-7     Citation Subset:  -    
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