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Clusterin interaction with Bcl-x(L) is associated with seizure-induced neuronal death.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22197644     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Status epilepticus causes significant damage to the brain, and cellular injury due to prolonged seizures may cause the pathogenesis of epilepsy or cognitive deficits. Clusterin mediates several cell signaling pathways, including cell death or survival pathways in the brain. A nuclear form of clusterin protein has been suggested to have pro-apoptotic properties. Bcl-x(L) functions as a dominant-negative modulator of the pro-apoptotic protein Bax. However, the relationship between clusterin and Bcl-x(L) in cell death signaling in the brain remains unknown. Therefore, we examined whether clusterin interacts with Bcl-x(L) after seizures or whether this interaction is related to neuronal death. We found increased levels of nuclear clusterin and cleaved caspase-3 in CA3 neurons after prolonged seizures induced by systemic kainic acid, along with extensive hippocampal cell death, as evidenced by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick-end labeling (TUNEL) and anti-active caspase-3 staining. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation and double immunofluorescence analyses revealed that clusterin interacted with Bcl-x(L) in dying CA3 neurons while the levels of Bcl-x(L), Bad or Bax remained constant. These findings provide evidence that nuclear clusterin signals cell death at least via an interaction with Bcl-x(L) in the hippocampus after seizures, suggesting that targeting nuclear clusterin may be a promising novel strategy to protect against seizure-induced neuronal injury.
Authors:
Yoon Sook Kim; Mee Young Choi; Ji Ho Ryu; Dong Hoon Lee; Byeong Tak Jeon; Gu Seob Roh; Sang Soo Kang; Hyun Joon Kim; Gyeong Jae Cho; Wan Sung Choi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epilepsy research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6844     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703089     Medline TA:  Epilepsy Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Medicine, Medical Research Center, Institute of Health Science, Gyeongsang National University, Jinju, Gyeongnam 660-751, South Korea.
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