Document Detail

Clumped isotope analysis of carbonates: comparison of two different acid digestion techniques.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23765611     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
RATIONALE: The kinetic nature of the phosphoric acid digestion reaction enables clumped isotope analysis of carbonates using gas source isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). In most laboratories acid digestions are performed at 25°C in sealed vessels or at 90°C in a common acid bath. Here we show that different Δ47 results are obtained depending on the digestion technique employed.
METHODS: Several replicates of a biogenic aragonite and NBS 19 were reacted with 104% H3 PO4 in sealed vessels at 25°C and at 90°C using a common acid bath. The sample size varied between 4 mg and 14 mg. Purification methods that are standard for clumped isotope analyses were applied to the evolved CO2 before measuring the abundances of masses 44 to 49 relative to a reference gas by IRMS.
RESULTS: A systematic trend to lower and more consistent Δ47 values is observed for reactions at 25°C if the sample size is increased. We suggest that secondary re-equilibration of evolved CO2 or reaction intermediates with free water molecules preferentially occurs for relatively small samples (4-7 mg), finally yielding elevated Δ47 values compared with >7 mg aliquots. In contrast, no such sample size effect on Δ47 values is observed for carbonates that are digested at 90°C using the common acid bath.
CONCLUSIONS: The determination of Δ47 values of carbonate samples smaller than 7 mg becomes more precise and accurate if digestions are performed at 90°C. Based on our results we propose that the difference in phosphoric acid fractionation factor between 25°C and 90°C is 0.07‰ for both calcite and aragonite. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Ulrike Wacker; Jens Fiebig; Bernd R Schoene
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rapid communications in mass spectrometry : RCM     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1097-0231     ISO Abbreviation:  Rapid Commun. Mass Spectrom.     Publication Date:  2013 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8802365     Medline TA:  Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1631-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Institute of Geosciences, Goethe-University, Altenhöferallee 1, 60438, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.
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