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A Clostridium difficile infection "intervention": Change in toxin assay results in fewer C difficile infection cases without changes in patient outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21794950     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is most commonly diagnosed using toxin enzyme immunoassays (EIAs). A sudden decrease in CDI incidence was noted after a change in the EIA used at Barnes-Jewish Hospital in St Louis. The objective of this study was to determine whether the decreased CDI incidence related to the change in EIA resulted in adverse patient outcomes. METHODS: Electronic hospital databases were used to collect data on demographics, outcomes, and treatment of inpatients who had a C difficile toxin assay performed between January 4, 2009, and April 3, 2009 (period A, preassay change) and between May 21, 2009, and August 17, 2009 (period B, postassay change). RESULTS: Assays were positive in 240 of 1,221 patients (19.7%) during period A and in 106 of 1160 patients (9.1%) during period B (P < .01). There was no difference in mortality or discharge to hospice between the 2 periods (10.3% vs 10.1%; P = .90). Patients tested in period B were less likely to receive metronidazole or oral vancomycin (P < .01). CONCLUSIONS: The new EIA resulted in fewer positive tests and reduced anti-CDI therapy. There was no difference in mortality between the 2 periods, suggesting that the decreased incidence was due to increased assay specificity, not decreased sensitivity.
Authors:
Zhuolin Han; Kathleen M McMullen; Anthony J Russo; Susan M Copper; David K Warren; Erik R Dubberke
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of infection control     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1527-3296     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8004854     Medline TA:  Am J Infect Control     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO.
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