Document Detail

Closed chest catheter desiccation of the atrioventricular junction using radiofrequency energy--a new method of catheter ablation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3805526     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Closed chest catheter ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) junction has been performed with direct current or laser energy. The effect of 750 kHz radiofrequency energy on ablation of the AV junction was evaluated in 13 dogs. The radiofrequency energy was generated from an electrosurgical generator in the bipolar mode. The radiofrequency output was delivered between two distal electrodes (bipolar ablation) in eight dogs, and between the distal electrode and an external patch electrode (unipolar ablation) in another five dogs at varying power (watts) but with a constant pulse duration of 10 seconds. Complete AV block was achieved in 11 dogs and second degree AV block in 2. During the 4 to 7 day follow-up period, complete AV block persisted in 9 of the 11 dogs with initial complete heart block. The other two had return of AV conduction; one had persistent 2:1 AV block and the other had persistent first degree AV block. Of the two dogs with initial second degree AV block, one developed complete AV block, the other had resumption of 1:1 AV conduction with a normal PR interval. Energy was delivered in 1 to 13 applications per dog. One hundred to 700 J per application was delivered with bipolar ablation and 10 to 100 J with unipolar ablation. There was no damage to the catheter unless the catheter was repeatedly used in excess of 1,500 J of total energy. Ventricular arrhythmias were not observed. Pathologic examination showed well delineated coagulation necrosis at the AV junction without surrounding hemorrhage or mural thrombus. Microscopic findings consisted of necrosis with cell infiltration in the periphery of necrosis. Most injuries involved the AV node, the approaches to the AV node and the penetrating bundle. In conclusion, catheter ablation of the AV junction with radiofrequency energy is safe. It can effectively induce discrete areas of necrosis and produce various degrees of AV block. In addition, ablation by radiofrequency energy has distinct advantages as compared with catheter ablation with direct current or laser energy.
S K Huang; S Bharati; A R Graham; M Lev; F I Marcus; R C Odell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  9     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1987 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-03-06     Completed Date:  1987-03-06     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  349-58     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Atrioventricular Node / radiation effects*
Desiccation / methods*
Heart Block / etiology*,  pathology
Heart Conduction System / radiation effects*
Myocardium / pathology
Radio Waves*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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