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Cloning of two 5-aminolevulinic acid synthase isozymes HemA and HemO from Rhodopseudomonas palustris with favorable characteristics for 5-aminolevulinic acid production.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23338702     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
5-Aminolevulinic acid (ALA) synthase (ALAS) HemA from non-sulfur photosynthetic bacteria has been used for the ALA bioproduction, whereas the isoenzyme HemT/HemO is less studied and not used for ALA production. Two ALAS-encoding genes, hemA and hemO from Rhodopseudomonas palustris were cloned, purified and characterized. The ALASs had very high specific activity, 3.6 and 2.7 U/mg, respectively, and strong affinity for one of its substrates, succinyl-CoA, K (m) with values of 11 and 4.4 μM, respectively. HemO retained up to 60 % maximum activity within a broad range of concentrations of hemin, while HemA kept only 20 % at 10 μM hemin. Escherichia coli overexpressing HemA or HemO produced 5.7 and 6.3 g ALA/l, respectively, in a 5 l bioreactor.
Authors:
Lilu Zhang; Jiuzhou Chen; Ning Chen; Jibin Sun; Ping Zheng; Yanhe Ma
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biotechnology letters     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-6776     ISO Abbreviation:  Biotechnol. Lett.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8008051     Medline TA:  Biotechnol Lett     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
College of Biotechnology, Tianjin University of Science and Biotechnology, Tianjin, 300457, People's Republic of China, liluzhang@126.com.
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