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Cloning, expression, and characterization of a thermostable GH7 endoglucanase from Myceliophthora thermophila capable of high-consistency enzymatic liquefaction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23615741     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
An endoglucanase gene from the thermophilic fungus Myceliophthora thermophila, belonging to the glycoside hydrolase family 7, was functionally expressed in methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. The putative endoglucanase from the genomic DNA was successfully cloned in P. pastoris X-33 and the recombinant enzyme was purified to its homogeneity (65 kDa) and subsequently characterized. Substrate specificity analysis revealed that the enzyme exhibits high activity on substrates containing β-1,4-glycosidic bonds such as carboxymethyl cellulose, barley β-glucan, and cello-oligosaccharides, as well as activity on xylan-containing substrates, including arabinoxylan and oat spelt xylan. MtEG7a was proved to liquefy rapidly and efficiently pretreated wheat straw, indicating its key role to the initial step of hydrolysis of high-solids lignocellulose substrates. High thermostability of the endoglucanase reflects potential commercial significance of the enzyme.
Authors:
Anthi C Karnaouri; Evangelos Topakas; Paul Christakopoulos
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied microbiology and biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-0614     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8406612     Medline TA:  Appl Microbiol Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Biotechnology Laboratory, School of Chemical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 5 Iroon Polytechniou Str, Zografou Campus, 15700, Athens, Greece.
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