Document Detail

Clonidine premedication decreases hemodynamic responses to pin head-holder application during craniotomy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9585285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The aim of this study was to compare hemodynamic responses to intubation and pin head-holder application in two groups of neurosurgical patients given oral clonidine (3 microg/kg) or oral temazepam (10-20 mg) 90 min before the induction of anesthesia. Fifty patients undergoing elective craniotomy were randomized to either group. Anesthesia was induced with i.v. propofol 1500 mg/h, fentanyl 4 microg/kg, vecuronium 0.15 mg/kg, and lidocaine 1.5 mg/kg and was maintained with propofol 6 mg x kg(-1) x h(-1). Mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) and heart rate were recorded before the induction of anesthesia and before and after intubation and application of the pin head holder. Interventions required to maintain hemodynamic stability were compared between groups. Preinduction sedation scores and MAP values were similar between groups. MAP was significantly lower (P = 0.031) in the clonidine group after pin head-holder application. Interventions to stabilize MAP were not significantly different between groups (P = 0.11). We conclude that clonidine is effective in reducing the MAP increase with pin head-holder application in patients undergoing craniotomy. Implications: In this study, we investigated an approach to the prevention of increased blood pressure often seen during the early part of anesthesia for brain surgery. Oral clonidine was effective in reducing the mean arterial blood pressure increase resulting from pin head-holder application. Clonidine, a blood pressure-reducing drug, was given to 25 patients before anesthesia. Their blood pressure measurements were then compared with those of 25 patients not given clonidine.
T G Costello; J R Cormack
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesia and analgesia     Volume:  86     ISSN:  0003-2999     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesth. Analg.     Publication Date:  1998 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-20     Completed Date:  1998-05-20     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1310650     Medline TA:  Anesth Analg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1001-4     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
St. Vincent's Hospital, Fitzroy, Melbourne, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Anxiety Agents / pharmacology*
Clonidine / pharmacology*
Double-Blind Method
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Middle Aged
Preanesthetic Medication*
Prospective Studies
Temazepam / pharmacology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Anxiety Agents; 4205-90-7/Clonidine; 846-50-4/Temazepam

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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