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Clinicoradiologic evaluation of styloid process calcification.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23071965     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: This study was performed to investigate the prevalence, morphology, and calcification pattern of the elongated styloid process in the Mathura population and its relation to gender, age, and mandibular movements.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed digital panoramic radiographs of 2,706 adults. The elongated styloid process was classified with the radiographic appearance based on the morphology and calcification pattern. The limits of mandibular protrusion were evaluated for each subject. The data were analyzed by using a Student's t-test and chi-squared test with significance set at p=0.05.
RESULTS: Bilateral elongation having an "elongated" type styloid process with a "partially mineralized" pattern was the most frequent type of styloid process. No correlation was found between styloid process type and calcification pattern on the one hand and gender on the other, although elongated styloid was more prevalent in older and male populations (p<0.05). Further styloid process elongation showed no effect on mandibular protrusive movement (p>0.05).
CONCLUSION: Dentists should recognize the existence of morphological variation in elongated styloid process or Eagle syndrome apparent on panoramic radiographs. We found higher prevalence of elongated styloid process in the population of the Mathura region when compared with other Indian populations. The calcification of the styloid process was more common in the older age group with no correlation to gender, mandibular movement and site. "Type I" with a "partially calcified" styloid process was observed more frequently in the population studied.
Mun Bhawni Bagga; C Anand Kumar; Garima Yeluri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2012-09-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Imaging science in dentistry     Volume:  42     ISSN:  2233-7830     ISO Abbreviation:  Imaging Sci Dent     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-16     Completed Date:  2012-10-17     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101559249     Medline TA:  Imaging Sci Dent     Country:  Korea (South)    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  155-61     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Oral Medicine Diagnosis and Radiology, M.N. D.A.V. Dental College and Hospital, Solan, India.
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