Document Detail


Clinicopathological features of sudden unexpected infectious death: Population-based study in children and young adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22366208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Infectious diseases are one of the major causes of sudden death, but data of sudden unexpected death from infectious diseases (SUDID) are sparse in children and young people. The aim of this study is to analyse their epidemiological, clinical, pathological and microbiological characteristics. METHODS: Population observational study of all deaths due to infectious diseases in people aged 0-34 years in Biscay between 1991 and 2010. The data of Mortality Register and Forensic Pathology Service were analysed. The SUDID cases in which a forensic autopsy was performed were identified. RESULTS: There were 56 SUDID cases (16% of the all sudden deaths). Myocarditis (n=20) and acute bacterial bronchopneumonia/pneumonia (n=18) were the most frequent causes, followed by meningococcemia (n=5) and viral pneumonia (n=4). A chronic co-morbid condition (mainly drug abuse in young people and moderate low birth weight in infants) was recorded in one-third and prodromal symptoms in two-thirds. Seventeen young people had consumed illegal drugs and/or methadone. In 17 of the 23 autopsies where microbiological analyses were performed, the organism responsible was identified. The incidence of SUDID was 0.6/100000 inhabitants/year, representing 5% of all deaths from infectious diseases. SUDID rate was 1.87 times higher in males than in females. The highest incidence occurred in infants (3.7). CONCLUSIONS: SUDID is infrequent, but it represents a significant proportion of all sudden deaths in children and young people. The relationship between methadone and bronchopneumonia is noticeable. This article stresses the importance of microbiological analyses in SUDID. Investigation based on forensic pathology provides useful epidemiologic, clinico-pathological and microbiological information for prevention of infectious diseases.
Authors:
Benito Morentin; M Paz Suárez-Mier; Beatriz Aguilera; Jon Arrieta; Covadonga Audicana; Amparo Fernández-Rodríguez
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Forensic science international     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-6283     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-2-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7902034     Medline TA:  Forensic Sci Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Forensic Pathology Service, Basque Institute of Legal Medicine, Bilbao, Spain.
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