Document Detail

Clinicopathologic review of pediatric enucleations during the last 50 years.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20736124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To evaluate diagnoses leading to enucleations in the pediatric age group over time.
METHODS: All pathology reports of enucleation specimens at the University of California-San Francisco eye pathology laboratory from children (ages 0 to 18 years) from 1960 to 2008 were reviewed. The main outcome measures were the frequency of pediatric enucleation specimens in each diagnostic category as compared with total pathological laboratory volume over time, and the age and gender distribution of histopathological diagnostic categories over time.
RESULTS: Specimens of 746 eyes from 729 pediatric patients were analyzed. Pediatric enucleated eyes constituted 2.7% of all specimens received at the pathology laboratory. The overall frequency of pediatric enucleation specimens did not change over time. Retinoblastoma specimens increased by a factor of 2.9 over time (p < 0.0001). The increase in retinoblastoma was offset by a decrease in nonretinoblastoma enucleations, which decreased by a factor of 3.8 between the 1960s and 2000s (p < 0.0001), driven by a decrease in enucleations caused by trauma (p < 0.0001). Beginning in the 1980s, pediatric enucleations caused by nonrhegmatogenous retinal detachment, nematode and non-nematode endophthalmitis, and congenital glaucoma decreased significantly. Retinoblastoma was the most common diagnosis overall (45%), in girls (60%), and in ages <5 years (78%). Trauma was the second most common diagnosis (32%) and the most common in boys (42%) and in children ages 6-12 (58%) and 13-18 (72%) years.
CONCLUSIONS: A decrease in pediatric nonretinoblastoma enucleations was observed over time, possibly attributable to better diagnostic capabilities, surgical techniques, and public health interventions. The increase in retinoblastoma enucleations over time was likely due to the result of institutional referral bias.
Susan Huang; J Brooks Crawford; Travis Porco; Tina Rutar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of AAPOS : the official publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus / American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1528-3933     ISO Abbreviation:  J AAPOS     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-25     Completed Date:  2011-01-25     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9710011     Medline TA:  J AAPOS     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  328-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright (c) 2010 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Ophthalmology, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, University of California-San Francisco, 10 Koret Way, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Diagnosis, Differential
Eye Diseases / pathology*,  surgery
Eye Enucleation / statistics & numerical data*
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Newborn
Retrospective Studies
United States
Grant Support
P30 EY002162-31/EY/NEI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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