Document Detail


Clinico-radiological features of subarachnoid hyperintensity on diffusion-weighted images in patients with meningitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22192625     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To investigate the clinical and radiological features of meningitis with subarachnoid diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) hyperintensity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The clinical features, laboratory data, and radiological findings, including the number and distribution of subarachnoid DWI hyperintense lesions and other radiological abnormalities, of 18 patients seen at five institutions were evaluated. RESULTS: The patients consisted of eight males and 10 females, whose ages ranged from 4 months to 82 years (median 65 years). Causative organisms were bacteria in 15 patients, including Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae, Streptococcus agalactiae, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Listeria monocytogenes. The remaining three were fungal meningitis caused by Cryptococcus neoformans. Subarachnoid DWI hyperintense lesions were multiple in 16 of the 18 cases (89%) and predominantly distributed around the frontal lobe in 16 of the 18 cases (89%). In addition to subarachnoid abnormality, subdural empyema, cerebral infarction, and intraventricular empyema were found in 50, 39, and 39%, respectively. Compared with paediatric patients, adult patients with bacterial meningitis tended to have poor prognoses (7/10 versus 1/5; p = 0.1). CONCLUSION: Both bacterial and fungal meningitis could cause subarachnoid hyperintensity on DWI, predominantly around the frontal lobe. This finding is often associated with poor prognosis in adult bacterial meningitis.
Authors:
T Kawaguchi; K Sakurai; M Hara; M Muto; M Nakagawa; J Tohyama; T Oguri; S Mitake; M Maeda; N Matsukawa; K Ojika; Y Shibamoto
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-229X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306016     Medline TA:  Clin Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Radiology, Nagoya City University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Nagoya, Japan.
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