Document Detail

Clinico-epidemiological features of infantile hydrocephalus in Japan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9002288     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In 1988, a nationwide survey was conducted in Japan, in order to examine the prevalence and clinico-epidemiological features of hydrocephalus that developed before 1 year of age. The study was based on questionnaires that were sent to all hospitals in Japan with more than 200 beds. There were 1435 patients who were eligible for the analysis. They were born before 1987 and diagnosed as having infantile hydrocephalus. Approximately two-thirds of the patients had primary hydrocephalus. Neural tube defects were the most frequent cause of the primary hydrocephalus and common among full-term infants. On the other hand, secondary hydrocephalus occurred more often in preterm infants, mainly following intracranial hemorrhage. Intracranial hemorrhage as a cause of hydrocephalus increased over the year, while the incidence of hydrocephalus secondary to intracranial infection decreased during the same period.
S Nakashima; K Watanabe; T Negoro; K Aoki; H Kikuchi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica Japonica; Overseas edition     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0374-5600     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr Jpn     Publication Date:  1996 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-04-03     Completed Date:  1997-04-03     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370357     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr Jpn     Country:  AUSTRALIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  567-75     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / abnormalities
Central Nervous System / abnormalities
Cerebral Hemorrhage / complications
Chi-Square Distribution
Gestational Age
Hydrocephalus / epidemiology*,  etiology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Japan / epidemiology
Neural Tube Defects / complications

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