Document Detail


Clinico-bacteriological study of neonatal conjunctivitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2286405     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Perinatal risk factors and bacteriological profile of conjunctivitis were studied among 245 newborns delivered at JIPMER Hospital between July 1986 and June 1988. Maternal and neonatal factors like lack of antenatal care, presence of adverse intrapartum factors, operative deliveries, birth asphyxia, pre-maturity and prolonged hospital stay significantly increased the chances of developing conjunctivitis (P less than 0.001). Bacteria were recovered from 163 (66.5%) cases. Staphylococcus was the commonest pathogenic bacteria isolated, followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Neisseria gonorrhoeae was isolated in only one case. Most of the organisms showed in vitro sensitivity to chloramphenicol, gentamycin and tetracycline. All the cases responded to topical chloramphenicol except three which required systemic antibiotics. No complications were observed. The identification and appropriate management of high risk pregnancies with minimal hospital stay can reduce the incidence of neonatal conjunctivitis.
Authors:
K K Pandey; B V Bhat; R Kanungo; S Srinivasan; R S Rao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Indian journal of pediatrics     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0019-5456     ISO Abbreviation:  Indian J Pediatr     Publication Date:    1990 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-03-27     Completed Date:  1991-03-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0417442     Medline TA:  Indian J Pediatr     Country:  INDIA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  527-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Conjunctivitis / etiology*,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Female
Humans
Infant, Newborn
Pregnancy
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors

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