Document Detail


Clinical synergy of perindopril and calcium-channel blocker in the prevention of cardiac events and mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. Post hoc analysis of the EUROPA study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20435188     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The purposes of the study were to determine the effects of addition of perindopril to long-term continuous treatment with calcium-channel blocker (CCB) on cardiac outcomes in the stable coronary artery disease (CAD) population of EUROPA and to explore the presence of synergy between perindopril and CCB in secondary prevention. METHODS: We identified participants receiving CCB at every visit during the 4.2-year follow-up and analyzed the effect of addition of perindopril (n = 1,022 perindopril/CCB vs n = 1,100 placebo/CCB). RESULTS: Addition of perindopril to CCB significantly reduced total mortality by 46% (P < .01 vs placebo) and primary end point (a composite of cardiovascular mortality, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and resuscitated cardiac arrest) by 35% (P < .05 vs placebo). There were 41%, 54%, and 28% reductions in cardiovascular mortality, hospitalization for heart failure, and myocardial infarction, respectively. Comparison of hazard ratios suggests the presence of a clinical synergy between perindopril and CCB, with a greater effect than addition of individual effects. CONCLUSION: Addition of perindopril to CCB in stable CAD patients had a significant supplementary impact on cardiac outcomes and mortality.
Authors:
Michel E Bertrand; Roberto Ferrari; Wilhelm J Remme; Maarten L Simoons; Jaab W Deckers; K M Fox;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  159     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2010 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-03     Completed Date:  2010-05-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  795-802     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Copyright Information:
2010 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Lille Heart Institute, France. mbcardio@club-internet.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use*
Calcium Channel Blockers / pharmacology*
Coronary Artery Disease / drug therapy*,  mortality,  prevention & control
Drug Synergism
Drug Therapy, Combination
Female
Hospitalization
Humans
Kaplan-Meiers Estimate
Male
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / prevention & control
Perindopril / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*,  therapeutic use
Proportional Hazards Models
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors; 0/Calcium Channel Blockers; 82834-16-0/Perindopril

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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