Document Detail


Clinical studies with low-lactose milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  6893787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A low-lactose milk was evaluated for taste acceptance and clinical symptomatology by means of a double-blind control study in two groups of individuals. One group consisted of nine milk intolerant individuals, while the other consisted of five milk tolerant individuals. Each week for 9 wk the participants were given a coded sample of skim milk, lactose hydrolyzed milk, skim milk plus glucose, or sweet acidophilus milk. Each participant was asked to consume four liters of milk during a week and keep a daily log of symptoms (pain, bloating, nausea, flatus, emesis, bowel frequency) along with taste acceptability. After assigning a numerical value to the intensity of symptomatology a X2 analysis was performed on the data. In the milk intolerant population lactose hydrolyzed milk produced significantly milder (p < 0.05) pain and gas symptoms than the nonhydrolyzed milks. Bowel frequency was not altered between the types of milk in both groups. The lactose hydrolyzed milk did not reduce the symptoms of lactose intolerance in the milk intolerance population to the response of the control group. Although both study populations found decreased taste acceptability to the lactose hydrolyzed milk, a taste panel assessment did not show any significant differences in the milks.
Authors:
J Reasoner; T P Maculan; A G Rand; W R Thayer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  1981 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-02-26     Completed Date:  1981-02-26     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  54-60     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Animals
Digestive System Diseases / etiology
Female
Food Handling
Humans
Hydrolysis
Lactose / analysis*,  metabolism
Lactose Intolerance / diagnosis,  metabolism*
Male
Middle Aged
Milk / adverse effects*,  analysis,  standards
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
63-42-3/Lactose

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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