Document Detail

Clinical signs and early prognosis in vegetative state: a decisional tree, data-mining study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18568716     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Residual brain function has been documented in vegetative state patients, yet early prognosis remains difficult. The purpose of this study was to identify by artificial intelligence procedures (classification and regression trees, data-mining) the significant neurological signs correlated to and predictive of outcome.
METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-three patients in vegetative state of traumatic or non-traumatic aetiology referred to the S.Anna Institute were retrospectively studied. Twenty-two neurological signs were assessed according to criteria included in the UNI ENI ISO 9001 : 2000 quality standards at admission (Time(0)) and after 50, 100 or 180 days and entered into a CART (classification and regression tree) data-mining procedure with a decisional tree j48 (Weka software and 10-fold cross-validation). Outcome was conventionally rated by the Glasgow outcome scale.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Re-appearance with proper timing of spontaneous motility, eye tracking and oculo-cephalic reflex and disappearance of oral automatisms proved highly correlated to outcome and allowed early and reliable prognosis. These findings are consistent with the brain functional organization thought to sustain consciousness and warrant systematic investigation. Classification and regression trees and data-mining procedures proved applicable in neurology to sort out significant clinical signs also in clinical conditions characterized by paucity of signs such as the vegetative state. Extended application in clinical medicine is conceivable based on the approach peculiarities.
G Dolce; M Quintieri; S Serra; V Lagani; L Pignolo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1362-301X     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  2008 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-23     Completed Date:  2008-12-05     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  617-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Automatic Data Processing / methods
Decision Trees*
Glasgow Coma Scale
Middle Aged
Neurologic Examination / methods*
Persistent Vegetative State / classification,  physiopathology*
Predictive Value of Tests
Retrospective Studies

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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