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Clinical significance of de Garengeot's hernia: A case of acute appendicitis and review of the literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22288062     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: The presence of the appendix in a femoral hernia sac is known as de Garengeot's hernia. We report a rare case of an elderly woman with femoral hernia appendicitis and discuss the surgical pitfalls and considerations through a literature review.
PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 83-year-old woman presented with fever and right lower quadrant abdominal pain. Clinical examination revealed a femoral hernia. Ultrasonography confirmed bowel was present in the hernia sac. In the operation room, an acutely inflamed appendix was recognized within the sac. The patient underwent appendectomy and hernia repair with sutures.
DISCUSSION: Acute appendicitis within a femoral hernia is rare and multiple dilemmas exist regarding its treatment. An incision below the inguinal ligament is a reasonable choice in order to access the hernia sac. A mesh should be placed in non-infectious appendectomy while herniorrhaphy is preferred in cases of appendicitis.
CONCLUSION: The presence of the vermiform appendix in a femoral hernia sac is rare but the surgeon should be aware of this clinical entity. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate surgical treatment is the key to avoid complications.
Authors:
Theodoros Piperos; Vasileios Kalles; Yousef Al Ahwal; Evangelos Konstantinou; George Skarpas; Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2011-12-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of surgery case reports     Volume:  3     ISSN:  2210-2612     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Surg Case Rep     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-30     Completed Date:  2012-10-02     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101529872     Medline TA:  Int J Surg Case Rep     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  116-7     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Anatomy Lab, University of Athens, School of Nursery, Athens,Greece.
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