Document Detail


Clinical role of rapid-incremental tests in the evaluation of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16236906     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rapid-incremental work rate (IWR) testing would be as useful as standard high-intensity constant work rate (CWR) protocols in eliciting exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) in susceptible subjects. DESIGN AND SETTING: A cross-sectional study performed in a clinical laboratory of a tertiary, university-based center. SUBJECTS AND MEASUREMENTS: Fifty-eight subjects (32 males, age range, 9 to 45 years) with suspected EIB were submitted to CWR testing (American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society guidelines) and IWR testing on different days; 21 subjects repeated both tests within 4 weeks. Spirometric measurements were obtained 5, 10, 15, and 20 min after exercise; a FEV1 decline > 10% defined EIB. RESULTS: Twenty-seven subjects presented with EIB either after CWR or IWR testing; 21 subjects had EIB in response to both protocols (kappa = 0.78, excellent agreement; p < 0.001). Of the six subjects in whom discordant results were found, two had EIB only after IWR. Assuming CWR as the criterion test, IWR combined high positive and negative predictive values for EIB detection (91.3% and 88.6%, respectively). Tests reproducibility in eliciting EIB were similar (kappa = 0.80 and 0.72 for CWR and IWR, respectively; p < 0.001). Total and intense (minute ventilation > 40% of maximum voluntary ventilation) ventilatory stresses did not differ between EIB-positive and EIB-negative subjects, independent of the test format. There were no significant between-test differences on FEV(1) decline in EIB-positive subjects (25.7 +/- 10.8% vs 23.7 +/- 10.0%, respectively; p > 0.05). Therefore, no correlation was found between exercise ventilatory response and the magnitude of EIB after either test (p > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Rapid-incremental protocols (8 to 12 min in duration) can be as useful as high-intensity CWR tests in diagnosing EIB in susceptible subjects. Postexercise spirometry should be performed after incremental cardiopulmonary exercise testing when EIB is clinically suspected.
Authors:
Marcelo B De Fuccio; Luiz E Nery; Carla Malaguti; Sabrina Taguchi; Simone Dal Corso; J Alberto Neder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chest     Volume:  128     ISSN:  0012-3692     ISO Abbreviation:  Chest     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-10-20     Completed Date:  2005-11-21     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0231335     Medline TA:  Chest     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2435-42     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Pulmonary Function and Clinical Exercise Physiology Unit, Division of Respiratory Diseases, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Bronchoconstriction / drug effects,  physiology*
Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Exercise Test / adverse effects*
Female
Hemodynamics
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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