Document Detail


Clinical presentation of cerebral aneurysms.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23238357     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Presentation of a cerebral aneurysm can be incidental, discovered at imaging obtained for unrelated causes, can occur in the occasion of imaging obtained for symptoms possibly or likely related to the presence of an unruptured aneurysm, or can occur with signs and symptoms at the time of aneurismal rupture. Most unruptured intracranial aneurysms are thought to be asymptomatic, or present with vague or non-specific symptoms like headache or dizziness. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsies, however, may typically indicate the presence of a posterior circulation aneurysm. Ruptured intracranial aneurysms are by far the most common cause of non-traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage and represent a neurological emergency with potentially devastating consequences. Subarachnoid hemorrhage may be easily suspected in the presence of sudden and severe headache, vomiting, meningism signs, and/or altered mental status. However, failure to recognize milder and more ambiguous clinical pictures may result in a delayed or missed diagnosis. In this paper we will describe the clinical spectrum of unruptured and ruptured intracranial aneurysms by discussing both typical and uncommon clinical features emerging from the literature review. We will additionally provide the reader with descriptions of the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms, and main diagnostic pitfalls.
Authors:
Alessandro Cianfoni; Emanuele Pravatà; Roberto De Blasi; Costa Silvia Tschuor; Giuseppe Bonaldi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of radiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-7727     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Radiol     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8106411     Medline TA:  Eur J Radiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Neurocentro della Svizzera Italiana, Ospedale Civico di Lugano, via Tesserete, 46, 6900 Lugano, Switzerland.
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