Document Detail

Clinical predictors and time course of arrhythmia recurrence in patients with early reinitiation of atrial fibrillation after successful internal cardioversion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12930494     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Early reinitiation of atrial fibrillation (ERAF) was commonly observed after successful electrical cardioversion, however, the effect of ERAF on the subsequent time course of arrhythmia recurrence remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical predictors and time course of AF recurrence with respect to the occurrence of ERAF after successful cardioversion. The clinical predictors and time course of AF recurrence were prospectively evaluated in 124 patients (94 men, 30 women; mean age 65 +/- 9 years) with persistent AF (mean AF duration 36 +/- 40 months), who underwent internal cardioversion. After cardioversion, all patients received treatment with sotalol and were monitored for AF recurrence. Successful restoration of sinus rhythm was achieved in 104 (84%) of 124 patients. ERAF was observed in 28 (27%) of 104 patients in whom 26 of them were successfully treated acutely with intravenous sotalol and repeated cardioversion. After a mean follow-up of 26 months, 29 (28%) of 104 patients remained in sinus rhythm. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significantly poorer outcome with regard to the recurrence of AF in patients with ERAF (hazard ratio 1.7,P = 0.03) and in those with AF for more than 3 years (hazard ratio 1.6,P = 0.03). Despite treatment with sotalol, patients with ERAF had a significantly higher AF recurrence rate within the first day (13/26 [50%] vs 12/76 [16%],P < 0.01), but not during long-term follow-up (21/26 [81%] vs 52/76 [68%],P = 0.3). In contrast, patients with AF for more than 3 years had a similar AF recurrence rate within the first day (7/29 [24%] vs 18/73 [25%],P = 1.0), but a significantly higher recurrence rate during long-term follow-up (27/29 [93%] vs 46/73 [37%],P < 0.01). In conclusion, the occurrence of ERAF and long AF duration were independent predictors for AF recurrence after successful internal cardioversion. The difference in the time course of AF recurrence in patients with ERAF from those with long AF duration suggests distinct arrhythmogenic mechanisms.
Hung-Fat Tse; Chu Pap Lau
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0147-8389     ISO Abbreviation:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Publication Date:  2003 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-21     Completed Date:  2004-01-29     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7803944     Medline TA:  Pacing Clin Electrophysiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1809-14     Citation Subset:  IM    
Cardiology Division, Department of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong, China.
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MeSH Terms
Anti-Arrhythmia Agents / therapeutic use
Atrial Fibrillation / physiopathology,  therapy*
Case-Control Studies
Electric Countershock* / methods
Follow-Up Studies
Prospective Studies
Regression Analysis
Risk Assessment
Sotalol / therapeutic use
Time Factors
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Arrhythmia Agents; 3930-20-9/Sotalol

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