|Clinical pathways can improve the quality of pain management in home palliative care in remote locations: retrospective study on Kozu Island, Japan.|
|PMID: 23116429 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|INTRODUCTION: Recent studies show that a clinical pathway (CP) optimizes pain management in palliative care; however, studies on CPs in home palliative care, especially in remote locations, are scarce. Physicians performing palliative care in remote areas frequently face characteristic difficulties. The CP is an effective tool to overcome these difficulties. This study evaluates the effectiveness of the CP in home palliative care on a remote island.
METHODS: This study reviewed 24 patients (17 in a pre-CP group and seven in a post-CP group) who received home palliative care on Kozu Island in south-eastern Japan from April 2006 to December 2011. To evaluate CP effectiveness, the authors compared patients in whom a rescue opioid was set, and nonsteroidal anti- inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antiemetics, and laxatives drug were used with opioids in the post-CP group compared with those in the pre-CP group. To assess pain management quality, authors compared Pain Management Index (PMI) scores on day 1 (baseline); day 8 following CP initiation; and within 3 days before death.
RESULTS: The proportion of patients in whom a rescue dose was set was 100% in the post-CP group versus 46% in the pre-CP group (<em>p</em>=0.04). The proportion of patients in whom NSAIDs were used with opioids was 100% in the post-CP group versus 18% in the pre-CP group (<em>p</em>=0.002). The proportion of patients in whom antiemetics and laxatives were used with opioids was 100% in the post-CP group versus 27% in the pre-CP group (<em>p</em>=0.009). Baseline PMI scores were not significantly different between groups (-1 in post-CP group versus 0 in pre-CP group, <em>p</em>=0.1); however, PMI scores at day 8 and within 3 days before death were significantly higher in the post-CP group (1.9 and 2.9) than in the pre-CP group (0.2 and -0.4) (<em>p</em>=0.007 and <em>p</em>=0.0005, respectively).
CONCLUSION: Implementation of a CP for pain management in home palliative care in remote locations could improve compliance with the WHO pain management guidelines and the quality of pain management.
|Yuki Tateno; Shizukiyo Ishikawa|
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|Type: Journal Article Date: 2012-11-01|
|Title: Rural and remote health Volume: 12 ISSN: 1445-6354 ISO Abbreviation: Rural Remote Health Publication Date: 2012|
|Created Date: 2012-11-02 Completed Date: 2013-01-07 Revised Date: 2013-01-25|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 101174860 Medline TA: Rural Remote Health Country: Australia|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 1992 Citation Subset: IM|
|Kozu National Health Insurance Clinic, Tokyo, Japan. firstname.lastname@example.org|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Aged, 80 and over
Analgesics, Opioid / adverse effects, therapeutic use*
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / therapeutic use
Antiemetics / therapeutic use
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Critical Pathways / standards*
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Home Care Services*
Laxatives / therapeutic use
Neoplasms / physiopathology, rehabilitation, therapy
Nurses / standards
Pain / drug therapy
Palliative Care / methods*, utilization
Physicians, Family / standards
Quality Assurance, Health Care / standards*
Rural Health Services / standards*
|0/Analgesics, Opioid; 0/Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal; 0/Antiemetics; 0/Laxatives|
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
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