Document Detail

Clinical, pathological, and immunologic aspects of the multiple sclerosis model in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19337065     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The efficacy of many new immunomodulatory therapies for multiple sclerosis (MS) patients has often been disappointing, reflecting our incomplete understanding of this enigmatic disease. There is a growing awareness that, at least in part, there may be limited applicability to the human disease of results obtained in the widely studied MS model experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in rodents. This review describes the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model developed in a small neotropical primate, the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). The model has features including clinicopathologic correlation patterns, lesion heterogeneity, immunologic mechanisms, and disease markers that more closely mimic the human disease. Several unique features of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in marmosets, together with their outbred nature and close genetic and immunologic similarities to humans, create an attractive experimental model for translational research into MS, particularly for the preclinical evaluation of new biologic therapeutic molecules that cannot be investigated in rodents because of their species specificity. Moreover, this model provides new insights into possible pathogenetic mechanisms in MS.
Bert A 't Hart; Luca Massacesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0022-3069     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neuropathol. Exp. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-01     Completed Date:  2009-04-28     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985192R     Medline TA:  J Neuropathol Exp Neurol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  341-55     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Immunobiology, Biomedical Primate Research Centre, Rijswijk, The Netherlands.
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MeSH Terms
Brain / immunology,  pathology
Disease Models, Animal*
Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental* / genetics,  immunology,  pathology
Multiple Sclerosis* / genetics,  immunology,  pathology

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