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Clinical outcomes after recanalization of a chronic total occluded vessel with bifurcation lesions: results from single-center, prospective, chronic total occlusion registry study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22613527     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Stenting strategies and clinical outcomes of bifurcation lesions in a chronic total occlusion (CTO) vessel after successful recanalization remain to be unknown.
METHODS: Between January 2001 and December 2009, 195 (41.1%) patients with 254 (47.0%) bifurcation lesions in CTO vessels from a pool of 564 patients with 659 CTO lesions were included and divided into proximal (n = 134) and distal (n = 120) groups, according to the location of the bifurcation lesions. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) at the end of clinical follow-up, including cardiac death, myocardial infarction, or target vessel revascularization (TVR).
RESULTS: Collaterals with Rentrop class 3 were seen more in distal group (100% and 68.3%), compared to proximal group (76.9% and 45.6%). Two-stent technique for proximal bifurcation lesions was used in 24.6%, significantly different from the distal group (6.7%, P < 0.001), without significant difference in composite MACE between proximal and distal groups, or between one- and two-stent subgroups in proximal group. The composite MACE after 1-year in complete revascularization subgroup was 17.9% relative to 29.6% in the incomplete revascularization group (P = 0.044). Stents in long false lumen in main vessel were mainly attributive to decreased TIMI grade flow, with resultant increased in-stent restenosis, total occlusion, TVR and coronary aneurysms. Imcomplete revasculzarization (HR 2.028, P = 0.049, 95%CI 1.002 - 4.105) and post-stenting TIMI flow (HR 6.122, P = 0.020, 95%CI 1.334 - 28.092) were two independent predictors of composite MACE at the 1-year follow-up.
CONCLUSIONS: Two-stent was more used for proximal bifurcation lesions. No significant difference was observed in MACE between proximal and distal, or between one- and two-stent subgroups in the proximal group. Placement of a safety wire was critical for proximal bifurcation lesions. Complete revascularization was mandatory to improve clinical outcomes.
Authors:
Shao-Liang Chen; Fei Ye; Jun-Jie Zhang; Jing Kan; Song Lin; Zhi-Zhong Liu; Nai-Liang Tian; Zhong-Sheng Zhu; Hai-Mei Xu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  125     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1035-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, Nanjing First Hospital, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210006, China (Email: chmengx@126.com).
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