Document Detail

Clinical indicators of envenoming and serum levels of venom antigens in patients bitten by Bothrops lanceolatus in Martinique. Research Group on Snake Bites in Martinique.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9196765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was developed to measure venom antigen levels in the serum of 40 patients bitten by Bothrops lanceolatus. The grading system used for the severity of envenomation (grades 1 to 4, minor to major) was predominantly based on the presence of local signs. Serum venom levels increased with the grade of severity (P < 0.001, by Spearman's rank correlation test); they were 6 +/- 6 ng/mL (mean +/- SD) in clinically non-envenomed patients (grade 1, n = 3), 7.6 +/- 11.7 (n = 17), 44.3 +/- 41.8 (n = 17), and 80.3 +/- 34.1 ng/mL (n = 3) in patients diagnosed as grade 2, 3 and 4 respectively. However, venom antigens could not be detected in the serum of 54% of patients who showed clinical signs of envenomation. Most patients diagnosed as grade 2, 3 or 4 were given 20, 40 and 60 mL of a monospecific F(ab')2 antivenom, respectively. Venom concentrations > or = 15 ng/mL were observed in all patients with progressive aggravation of swelling despite the use of early antivenom therapy. No venom was detectable in blood samples taken after completion of serotherapy. All patients recovered. These results confirm the efficacy of both the clinical severity scoring system used and the therapeutic regimen.
B Bucher; D Canonge; L Thomas; B Tyburn; A Robbe-Vincent; V Choumet; C Bon; J Ketterlé; J Lang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene     Volume:  91     ISSN:  0035-9203     ISO Abbreviation:  Trans. R. Soc. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:    1997 Mar-Apr
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-07-10     Completed Date:  1997-07-10     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7506129     Medline TA:  Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-90     Citation Subset:  IM    
CHRU 97200 Fort de France, Martinique.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Antigens / blood*
Antivenins / therapeutic use
Crotalid Venoms / adverse effects,  blood,  immunology*
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay / methods
Middle Aged
Severity of Illness Index
Snake Bites / blood,  immunology*,  therapy
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens; 0/Antivenins; 0/Crotalid Venoms

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