Document Detail

Clinical findings and treatment of 94 cattle presumptively diagnosed with listeriosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16648439     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The clinical findings and treatment of 94 cattle with listeriosis are described. The general behaviour and condition of the animals were mostly moderately to severely disturbed. A common abnormality in posture was an exaggerated forward or sideward stance, and 11 of the animals were recumbent. More than half of the animals were ataxic and 22 circled. The most frequent cranial neurological signs observed were facial nerve paralysis, salivation, strabismus, reduced or absent pupillary light reflex, reduced or absent tongue movement and head tilt. The haematological and biochemical findings did not contribute to the diagnosis of listeriosis, but they were useful indicators of dehydration and the acid-base status of the animal. Forty-four of 57 of the animals had high leucocyte counts in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), mostly mononuclear cells. Eighty-seven of the animals were treated with various antibiotics (penicillin G, oxytetracycline, amoxicillin, and amoxicillin and gentamicin combined), but there was no significant difference in the success rate of the different treatments. Only two of the nine recumbent animals that were treated survived. Univariable analysis suggested that animals that were recumbent, excited, with an absent or weak menace reflex, nystagmus, high numbers of leucocytes in the CSF, high serum concentrations of urea and calcium and high serum activities of aspartate aminotransferase and creatine kinase, and an acid-base deficit, had a smaller chance of surviving. When a logistic regression model was constructed, only recumbency, excitement and a weak or absent menace reflex remained significant factors affecting the likelihood of survival.
G Schweizer; F Ehrensperger; P R Torgerson; U Braun
Related Documents :
7470869 - Apomorphine-haloperidol interactions: different types of antagonism in cortical and sub...
2449929 - Modulation of neurotransmitter metabolism by dihydropyridine calcium channel ligands in...
240009 - Sites of organic acid production and pattern of digesta movement in the gastrointestina...
2302019 - Septic encephalopathy. evidence for altered phenylalanine metabolism and comparison wit...
4216599 - Culture of specimens other than sputum for mycobacteria.
1583449 - Asymmetric metabolism of hypothalamic catecholamines alternates with side of ovulation ...
171159 - Sites of action of fusidic acid in eukaryotes. inhibition by fusidic acid of a ribosome...
12821749 - Neurotoxicity following addition of intravenous valproate to lamotrigine therapy.
23847089 - Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, a promising component of propolis with a plethora of biol...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Veterinary record     Volume:  158     ISSN:  0042-4900     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Rec.     Publication Date:  2006 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-05-01     Completed Date:  2006-06-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0031164     Medline TA:  Vet Rec     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  588-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Farm Animals, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse 260, CH-8057 Zurich, Switzerland.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
Ataxia / etiology,  veterinary
Behavior, Animal*
Blood Chemical Analysis / veterinary
Blood Gas Analysis / veterinary
Cattle Diseases / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  pathology*
Dehydration / etiology,  veterinary
Diagnosis, Differential
Leukocyte Count / veterinary
Listeria Infections / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  pathology,  veterinary*
Nervous System Diseases / diagnosis,  drug therapy,  pathology,  veterinary*
Survival Rate
Treatment Outcome
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Comparison of the effects of fan-assisted and natural ventilation of vehicles on the welfare of pigs...
Next Document:  Multisite integumentary squamous cell carcinoma in an African grey parrot (Psittacus erithacus erith...