Document Detail

Clinical features of and cardiotocographic findings for premature infants with antenatal periventricular leukomalacia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9039969     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the clinical features of and cardiotocographic findings for premature infants with antenatal periventricular leukomalacia (PVL). METHODS: Antenatal PVL was judged to be present if a cyst greater than 3 mm in largest diameter was detected in the periventricular region by the 14th day of life on cranial ultrasonography. The clinical features of and cardiotocographic findings for 12 premature infants with antenatal PVL born within 1 year were compared with those of 12 infants chosen as control group matched in gestational age at birth from the premature infants without antenatal PVL born within the study period. RESULTS: Abnormalities of the umbilical cord such as coiling, excessive torsion and membrane insertion were observed more frequently for infants with antenatal PVL (58.3%) than for control infants (16.7%) (P<0.05). Frequent moderate variable deceleration on the fetal cardiogram was also observed more frequently for infants with antenatal PVL (80.0%) than for control infants (27.3%) (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Abnormalities of the umbilical cord and frequent moderate variable deceleration on fetal cardiotocogram appear to be causes of antenatal PVL in premature infants.
T Ito; K Kadowaki; H Takahashi; N Nagata; A Makio; N Terakawa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  47     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  1997 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-05-15     Completed Date:  1997-05-15     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  IRELAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  195-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Tottori University School of Medicine, Yonago, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score
Birth Weight
Brain / pathology
C-Reactive Protein
Cysts / diagnosis,  ultrasonography
Gestational Age
Infant, Low Birth Weight / physiology
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / physiology*
Leukomalacia, Periventricular / diagnosis*,  etiology,  ultrasonography
Placenta Previa / physiopathology
Reg. No./Substance:
9007-41-4/C-Reactive Protein
Comment In:
Early Hum Dev. 1998 Jul 10;51(3):247-8   [PMID:  9692794 ]

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