Document Detail

Clinical factors affecting the accuracy of ultrasonography in symptomatic first-trimester pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21252743     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
OBJECTIVE: : To evaluate factors associated with accuracy of initial ultrasonography in patients with symptomatic first-trimester pregnancy.
METHODS: : Ultrasound diagnosis in the emergency department was compared with an ultimate clinical diagnosis in women in need of a gynecologic consult. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, and accuracy of the initial ultrasound impression were calculated and stratified by criteria of diagnosis, serum human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels, pain, and bleeding.
RESULTS: : Eighteen hundred eighty women were evaluated. Overall accuracy of initial ultrasound diagnosis was 78%. A probable ultrasound diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy (adnexal mass without the presence of a yolk sac or embryo) resulted in a higher sensitivity (42.1% compared with 13.2%: P<.001) but a lower positive predictive value (82.7% compared with 98%: P<.01) compared with a definite diagnosis. A probable ultrasound diagnosis of intrauterine pregnancy (double decidual sign without yolk sac or embryo) resulted in a higher sensitivity (36.0% compared with 4.0%; P<.001) and lower positive predictive value (58.8% compared with 87.0%; P>.001) compared with a definite diagnosis. The sensitivity (34.3% compared with 75.9%; P<.01) and positive predictive value (80.4% compared with 91.5%; P=.02) were lower for diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy when serum hCG level was less than 2,000 milli-international units/mL. Ultrasonography was less accurate when bleeding was the chief complaint (72.7% compared with 84.8% P<.006) but not substantially altered by pain as a chief complaint (78.0 compared with 77.8% P>.99).
CONCLUSION: : A substantial number of misdiagnoses can occur when initial ultrasound diagnosis of intrauterine pregnancy or ectopic pregnancy is made without evidence of a yolk sac or embryo, when hCG values are low, or when a patient has significant bleeding.
Kurt T Barnhart; Courtney A Fay; Maria Suescum; Mary D Sammel; Dina Appleby; Alka Shaunik; Anthony J Dean
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  117     ISSN:  1873-233X     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  299-306     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
From the Departments of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Emergency Medicine, Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
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